The Vital Importance of the Cultural Revolution to the
Success of Socialism in China
Why some people
cannot clearly identify the conflict within a socialist society?
Does the old capitalist class still exist? Well, haven't
we all observed the presence of a great number of petty bourgeoisies?
And haven't we all noticed the existence of a great number
of intellectuals who keep clinging to their elite mentalities?
The problem is some officials are petty bourgeoisies themselves,
and easily attracted to the Rightist point of view. When
they are part of oppressive capitalist class, naturally they
are blind over the fierce class struggle.
The mindset of some comrades, mainly the old comrades, still
dwells at the stage of the bourgeois-democratic revolution.
Theses people are unable to understand, or feel
bitter or even squarely oppose a socialist transformation.
Their attitudes towards the Cultural Revolution are typically
two: one is feeling very resentful, another is preparing
to settle accounts with the Revolution and the mass who participate
in the movement.
In the age of post bourgeois-democratic revolution, the
workers and the peasants do not stop advancing their quest.
But a sizable number of the Party members have no intention
to go further, and some of them even back away from and start
to resist the revolution movement.
Why? Because these people have now occupied powerful positions
and want to protect the interest of the high officials. They've
got good houses, nice cars, high salaries, many servants,
and they grow more formidable than the old capitalists. When
they found they become the target of the socialist revolution,
they refuse to accept it. They objected cooperation movement
in the countryside, and they are indignant over the criticism
and censure of capitalist privileges in law and in economic
As we carry out the socialist revolution, we must know where
the exploitative capitalist elite class is. They are right
within the Communist Party, and they are in the high offices
of the government.
The capitalist roaders are still walking on the way dragging
——March 10, 1976,
People's Daily, (1976年3月10日、5月16日《人民日报》 )
Establish An independent economic system
Without a modern industry, where will
be a modern defence system? We must build our economic structure
based on self-reliance while gaining foreign aid as supplementary
support. We must dare to enter uncharted territories, independently
develop our industry and agriculture, nurture technological
revolution and cultural reform, purge colonial spirit and
bury dogmatism, learn good experiences from other nations'
successful stories and draw hard lessons from their failures
- such shall be served as our roadmap. This is the roadmap
we will follow when building our economic system, and this
is the roadmap we should also completely follow when building
our military capability.
-- June 17, 1958, Selected
Works of Mao Zedong Vol. V11 (1958年6月17日