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France's Role in Rwanda

27 March 2011

Sometime ago, Rwanda formally accused senior French officials of involvement in the 1994 genocide and called for the French war criminals to be put on trial.


Among those named in a report by a Rwandan investigation commission were former French Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin, former foreign minister Alain Juppe and late President Francois Mitterrand.


Kigali has previously accused Paris of covering up its role in training troops and militia who carried out massacres that killed some 800,000 people, and of propping up the ethnic Hutu leaders who orchestrated the slaughter.


The latest allegations from Kigali came with the publication of the report by an independent Rwandan commission set up to investigate France's role in the bloodshed.

"The French support was of a political, military, diplomatic and logistic nature," the report said.

"Considering the gravity of the alleged facts, the Rwandan government asks competent authorities to undertake all necessary actions to bring the accused French political and military leaders to answer for their acts before justice."




"French forces directly assassinated Tutsis and Hutus accused of hiding Tutsis... French forces committed several rapes on Tutsi survivors," said a justice ministry statement released after the report was presented in Kigali.


The 500-page report alleged that France was aware of preparations for the genocide, contributed to planning the massacres and actively took part in the killing.


A German-born financial expert has accused the French government of secretly funding a genocidal movement in Rwanda.

Speaking in front of an investigative commission into the 1994 Rwandan Genocide, private insurance broker Martin Marschner alleged that France used social security funds to arm those behind the genocide.

Marschner alleged that he became aware of the funding effort when he was investigating some of his clients' missing funds.

"When I made investigations, I later established that the money was used to finance the flow of arms into Rwanda as well as facilitate the French secret services," he said. Marschner alleged that new French President Nicholas Sarkozy was aware of the 1994 illegal dealings in his capacity as budget minister, the Times said.

在另一份长达750页的报告中,一德国出生的私人保险业主马丁·马术内指证法国政府偷偷通过社会保障基金资助种族灭绝屠杀集团。当他调查一位客户的失踪资金时,他发现了法国政府注入的资金, 其后他注意到这笔资金被用于武装胡图政府军及法国在卢旺达的间谍。马术内并指称法国现总统尼古拉丝·萨克奇作为当时的财务部长对此事完全了如指掌。

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