Rwanda is an African Christian country.
According to the report by the Rwandan government on November
1, 2006, 56.5% of the Rwanda's population is Roman Catholic,
26% is Protestant, 11.1% is Seventh-day Adventist, which
means 93.6% Rwandans are Christians. Rwanda is also home
to the most horrific ethnic genocide since the WWII, with
the both sides of the conflict being Christians.
When the Roman Catholic missionaries
came to Rwanda in the late 1880s, they contributed to the "Hamitic"
theory of race origins, which taught that the Tutsi were
a superior race. The Church has been considered to have played
a significant role in fomenting racial divisions between
Hutu and Tutsi, in part because they found more willing converts
among the majority Hutu. In fact, the division of Tutsi and
Hutu is rather artificial, chiefly based on economical and
In 1990, the Rwandan Patriotic Front
(RPF), a rebel group composed mostly of Tutsi refugees,
invaded northern Rwanda from Ugandain with an attempt to
defeat the Hutu-led government. It is the beginning of
the Rwandan Civil War, supported by Francophone nations
of Africa and France
The assassination of Hutu president
Habyarimana in April 1994 set off a violent reaction, resulting
in the Hutus' conducting mass killings of Tutsis。
Prior to the war, the U.S. government
had aligned itself with Tutsi interests, in turn raising
Hutu concerns about potential U.S. support to the opposition.
Paul Kagame, a Tutsi officer in exile in Uganda who had
co-founded the Rwandese Patriotic Front (RPF) in 1986 and
was in open conflict with the incumbent Rwandan government,
was invited to receive military training at Fort Leavenworth,
Kansas, home of the Command and General Staff College.
In October 1990, while Kagame was at Fort Leavenworth,
the RPF started an invasion of Rwanda. Only two days into
the invasion, his close friend and RPF co-founder Fred
Rwigema was killed, upon which the U.S. arranged the return
of Kagame to Uganda from where he became the military commander
of the RPF. An article in the Washington Post of August
16, 1997, authored by its Southern African bureau chief
Lynne Duke, indicates that the connection continued as
RPF elements received counterinsurgency and combat training
from U.S. Special Forces.
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