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France & U.S. Role in Rwanda Genocide

27 March 2011
 

Rwanda is an African Christian country. According to the report by the Rwandan government on November 1, 2006, 56.5% of the Rwanda's population is Roman Catholic, 26% is Protestant, 11.1% is Seventh-day Adventist, which means 93.6% Rwandans are Christians. Rwanda is also home to the most horrific ethnic genocide since the WWII, with the both sides of the conflict being Christians.

卢旺达是非洲的耶教国家。根据卢旺达政府2006年的报告,该国中56.5%的人口为天主教徒、26%信仰基督教、11.1%参与基督复临安息日会,加起来共有93.6%的人口为耶教铁杆粉丝。卢旺达又因1994年的百日种族灭绝大屠杀闻名于世,杀戮的双方皆为耶教徒。

When the Roman Catholic missionaries came to Rwanda in the late 1880s, they contributed to the "Hamitic" theory of race origins, which taught that the Tutsi were a superior race. The Church has been considered to have played a significant role in fomenting racial divisions between Hutu and Tutsi, in part because they found more willing converts among the majority Hutu. In fact, the division of Tutsi and Hutu is rather artificial, chiefly based on economical and social circumstances.

当天主教传教士于1880年代到达卢旺达时,他们开始向当地人讲解种族的起源,并宣称土瓷是比胡图更高级的人种。实际上,胡图和土瓷的划分和种族没有一点关系,只和阶级地位有关。但教会为了传教的需要,人为扩大胡图和土瓷间的鸿沟,在卢旺达种族分裂和冲突中扮演了关键性的角色。

In 1990, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), a rebel group composed mostly of Tutsi refugees, invaded northern Rwanda from Ugandain with an attempt to defeat the Hutu-led government. It is the beginning of the Rwandan Civil War, supported by Francophone nations of Africa and France

1986年,流亡海外而不甘失去政权的土瓷建立了卢旺达爱国阵线,并于90年在法国和其它前法属殖民地非洲国家的支持下,从乌干达侵入卢国北部以图推翻胡图政权,由此拉开了卢旺达内战的序幕。

The assassination of Hutu president Habyarimana in April 1994 set off a violent reaction, resulting in the Hutus' conducting mass killings of Tutsis

1994年四月,卢国的胡图总统被刺杀了,于是胡图人展开了对土瓷人的灭绝性追杀。

Prior to the war, the U.S. government had aligned itself with Tutsi interests, in turn raising Hutu concerns about potential U.S. support to the opposition. Paul Kagame, a Tutsi officer in exile in Uganda who had co-founded the Rwandese Patriotic Front (RPF) in 1986 and was in open conflict with the incumbent Rwandan government, was invited to receive military training at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, home of the Command and General Staff College. In October 1990, while Kagame was at Fort Leavenworth, the RPF started an invasion of Rwanda. Only two days into the invasion, his close friend and RPF co-founder Fred Rwigema was killed, upon which the U.S. arranged the return of Kagame to Uganda from where he became the military commander of the RPF. An article in the Washington Post of August 16, 1997, authored by its Southern African bureau chief Lynne Duke, indicates that the connection continued as RPF elements received counterinsurgency and combat training from U.S. Special Forces.

内战爆发前,美国政府和流亡土瓷密切联系,这引起了胡图政府对留在境内的土瓷的高度警惕。波尔·卡嘎每是土瓷阵线的发起人之一,为了帮助他推翻合法的胡图政权,美国政府邀请他到美国军事学院接受培训。90年卢爱阵线进犯卢旺达,两天后叛军首领战死,美国于是火速安排卡嘎每回到乌干达指挥叛军接着和政府军作战。华盛顿邮报上刊登于1997816日的一篇文章披露了叛军持续接受美国特种部队支援的内情。

More at Religion in Rwanda, Rwanda Genocide

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