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Chinese Watches Made in 1970s (3)

by Youfang
 

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3, East Wind ST-5D Date Auto Watch

Some time ago, I stumbled across an old news report that arouse my interest. The following is the excerpt of the news:

“Under the guidance of Chairman Mao’s Proletarian Cultural Revolution path, the workers in Tianjin Watch Plant studied earnestly the works of Marx, Lenin and Chairman Mao, and follow Chairman Mao’s teaches to ‘maintain independence and be self-reliance', and to break foreign conventions and find our own way to pursue industrialization', which motivated them to reform technology that helped them improve quality of and increase quantity for their watch products. In year 1972, the major technological breakthroughs include: …. Jewel 29 auto date watch trial was completed successfully.”

The Jewel 29 should be the East Wind ST-FD automatic date watch which is based on an old model East Wind Jewel 19 ST5 mechanical watch.

     
     
 

The inner work of Jewel 26

 
     
     
     
     
     
 

The backcover of Jewel 29

 
     
     

The product was independently designed by Tianjin Watch Plant and proceeded with the pilot ressembly in 1966. A year later it was put into commercial production. Then on October 1, 1969, East Wind Jewel 19 entered assembly line in mass production as a brand name product. By adding a few additional devices to ST5, Tianjian Watch Plant further created ST5B date watch, ST5C automatic mechanical watch, ST5D automatic date watch during the period between September 1969 and September 1971, thus developed product series.

     
     
 

The front of the East Wind ST5

 
     
     
     
     
     
 

The backcover of the East Wind ST5

 
     
     
     
     
     
 

The inner work of the East Wind ST5

 
     
     

According to Mr. Du Jianhe, the manager of Technique Centre of Tianjin Seagull Watch Inc., Tianjin Watch Plant put more than 2,000 East Wind Jewel 19 auto date watches into market for trial sale. Later the product was further sold overseas at small scale but, under the request of China’s Ministry of Commerce, in the name of Seagull with ID code engraved on the inner work of the watch changed from DONGFENG in Chinese phonetic alphabet to ST5D. ST is a series code and D stands for automatic.

Appendix:

The List Price of Watches Made in China between 1956 and 1978:

Time   Brands   Features   Price
             
June 1965    Shanghai  

Women's Jewel 17 half stainless steel shockproof three-hand watch
17
钻半钢防震长三针女表

  100
             
April 1968  

Evergreen
万年青牌

 

Men's Jewel 17 stainless steel shockproof watch
SL1A
17钻全钢防震男表

  110
             

March 1971

 

Mt. Zhong
钟山牌

 

Jewel 9 stainless steel (half stainless steel was 2 yuans cheaper)
9
钻全钢手表

  30
             

August 1973

 

East Wind
东风牌

 

Jewel 29 stainless steel shockproof auto date watch
29
钻全钢防震自动日历手表

  200
             

June 1974

 

Beijing
北京牌

 

Men's jewel 17 high frequency stainless steel shockproof watch
统机快摆17钻全钢防震男表

  120
             

December 1974

 

Shanghai
上海牌

 

Men's jewel 24 stainless steel shockproof auto data watch
24
钻全钢防震自动日历男表

  220
             

July 1975

 

Shanghai
上海牌

 

Men's jewl 19 stainless steel anti-magnetic shockproof waterproof watch
统一机芯19钻全钢三防男表

  120
             

March 1978

 

Golden Anchor
金锚牌

 

Jewel 17 stainless steel watch
17
钻全钢手表

  90

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]

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