November 4, 1941, Japanese Army Unit 731,
a covert biological
and chemical warfare research and development
unit of the Imperial Japanese Army, pose in
front of the aircraft after completed the mission
of releasing the biological warfare agent -
the plague virus in Changde (常德), in Hunan
A Chinese civilian's face was infested by virus
spread by Japanese Army.
Xiang Jiayou (向家佑) from Nine Hills Village (九岭村)
at Zhou Family Store Township (周家店镇) described
to the researchers on Japanese war crimes during
the WWII how four families in his village were
wiped out by Japanese plague.
The Xu family property in the outskirts of Chande
was transformed into a quarantine hospital by
Japanese Army in November 1941. A 6 m wide and
3 m deep moat was created to isolate the property
with a drawbridge being the only link to the
outside world. There were about three to four
hundreds of Chinese plague patients being sent
into this death camp and majority of them never
walked out alive again.
Japanese troops buried Chinese civilians alive
after they contracted plague.