List China Events Chinese Culture China Watch Chinese Music Land of China Chinese Festival Chinese History Chinese Architecture Chinese Medicine People in China What Chinese Say Martial Arts China Tales World Watch World Beyond Amusing & Musing


Home >> China Watch

Prosperity Without Growth (3)

20 July 2010
 
Keynesianism and the Green New Deal

Policy responses to the economic crisis are more or less unanimous that recovery means re-invigorating consumer spending so as to kick-start economic growth. Differences of opinion are mainly confined to how this should be achieved. The predominant (Keynesian) response is to use a mixture of public spending and tax cuts to stimulate consumer demand.

We could highlight the emerging international consensus around a very simple idea. Economic recovery demands investment. Targeting that investment carefully towards energy security, low-carbon infrastructures and ecological protection offers multiple benefits. These benefits include:

  • freeing up resources for household spending and productive investment by reducing energy and material costs

  • reducing our reliance on imports and our exposure to the fragile geopolitics of energy supply

  • providing a much-needed boost to employment in the expanding ‘environmental industries’ sector

  • making progress towards demanding global carbon reduction targets

  • protecting valuable ecological assets and improving the quality of our living environment for generations to come.

In short, a ‘green stimulus’ is an eminently sensible response to the economic crisis. It offers jobs and economic recovery in the short term, energy security and technological innovation in the medium term, and a sustainable future for our children in the long term. Nonetheless, the default assumption of even the ‘greenest’ Keynesian stimulus is to return the economy to a condition of continuing consumption growth. Since this condition is unsustainable, it is difficult to escape the conclusion that in the longer term something more is needed. A different kind of macro-economic structure is essential for an ecologically-constrained world.

凯恩斯理论和绿色新政

历来对应经济危机的政策多大同小异,即通过刺激消费重振经济。不同处仅仅在于刺激经济的具体方法。凯恩斯主义主张由增加政府投资及减税来刺激消费需求。

但现在另有一种得到国际社会广泛共识的简单的新对应方法。既然经济恢复需要投资,那就投资于低碳新能源基础设施的建设。这样做的好处是多方面的,其中包括:

  • 通过推广我们的低能源使用和低资源消耗产品将大量能源从民用一途解放出来

  • 减少我们对进口产品[通常为传统高能源高资源消耗产品 - 译者]的依赖并降低我们介入与能源供应有关的地域政治的风险

  • 通过发展“环境工业”刺激就业增长

  • 帮助我们推动全球减排事业的进程

  • 保护我们的生态资源、留给我们的子孙后代一个高质量的生活环境。

总而言之,“绿色刺激”是极为明智的应对经济危机之道。从短期的角度来看此法可提供工作岗位、帮助经济复苏,从中期的角度来看此法能保障能源供应、帮助技术创新,从长期的角度来看此法能为我们的子孙后代留下一个可持续发展的未来。但是,这一方法并不能帮助我们走出持续性消费增长的市场经济体系的怪圈。由于这一体系从根本上来说是不可持续的,所以从长远着眼,我们还必须另辟蹊径,寻找一种全然不同的能保护我们的生态环境的新的宏观经济体系。

Some of the book reveiws 读者评论摘录

Camilla Toulmin, Director of the International Institute for Environment & Development (IIED):

We live in a finite world but with infinite demands. Human wants, political convenience and intellectual inertia trump planetary limits.

卡米拉·透儿敏,全球环境发展研究所所长:

我们生活在有限的世界却奢望无限的需求。人性的欲望、政治的需要和知识界的惰性使我们对地球母亲需求无度直至她最终抛弃我们。

Avner Offer, Professor of Economic History at Oxford, author of Challenge of Affluence

Rising consumption may not be sustainable, due to climate change, energy shortfalls, and to social and psychological harms.

阿福那·喔飞,牛津大学经济历史教授,《小康社会的挑战》作者

由于气候的变化、能源的短缺及对社会和人类心理上的负面作用,不断增长消费看来确实没有可持续性。

Bill McKibben, author of Deep Economy

Endless growth on a finite planet, or endless misery-spreading recession, both represent impossible futures.

比儿·么尅本,《深度经济》作者

有限的地球上的无限的经济增长,或不断的经济萧条带来的无穷尽的悲惨世界,无论那一种情况都让我们失去未来。

Alan Knight, Founder of Singleplanetliving

Current growth centric economics is not fit for purpose.

艾伦·乃特,生活在同一个地球公司创始人

目前的以增长为中心的经济已经异化了,[服务的对象不再是人而是资本]。

Oliver James, Author of Affluenza

Zero growth is not only necessary, it is inevitable and will supercede Selfish Capitalism.

哦里富·杰目思,《富贵病》作者

零增长不但必需,而且不可避免。零增长将埋葬资本主义。

[1] [2] 3

Prev: Root of Vegetable 1-4
Next: Land of Magic (1)

 
 
RELATED:

现在的现实是,虽然有一大批西方的仁人志士,包括经济界中的先行者们,正在此经济严寒时刻苦苦探索人类经济繁荣和文明进步的新道路,以切除消费-市场经济这一恶性肿瘤,为后世留下一片可赖以生存的朗朗天地,但至今为止春天仍不知躲在哪个犄角旮旯里冬眠。中国的经济学家们若真有心报国、有志济世,此正其时。何况中国有三大优势:以人文关怀为基石的华夏文明传统,此其一;毛泽东的中国式社会主义实践经验,此其二;出奇聪明、勤劳、忍让的中国劳动民众,此其三。中国的无论有罪无罪、有功无功的经济学家们及其他家们,还等什么呢?你们建功立业的机会来啦!


Home List About This Website Contact Us

Copyright © 2008 - 2017