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Through the Camera Lens:
The Korean War (2)

2 July 2010

The U.S. Invasion of North Korea

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On September 10, 1950, 43 American warplanes dropped 93 napalm canisters on to Wolmi-do island to burn out its eastern slope. On September 15, 1950, under the cover of 260 warships and nearly 500 warplanes, 70,000 US X Corps soldiers landed on the shore of Inchon, on the west side of the peninsula near China. It was the day marked as the beginning of the US military colonisation of the South Korea.


On October 7, 1950, General MacArthur ordered American, British and Australian forces to crossed the 38th Parallel and invade North Korea.


As the invasion force pushed toward the Chinese border, the PRC issued stern warning against America's belligerent military adventure. On October 15, 1950, U.S President Truman met with Gen. MacArthur on Wake Island in the North Pacific Ocean, and the decision to ignore Chinese protest and conquer the entire peninsula was made.

The US-led military operation against North Korea came to a full development, and Chinese watched anxiously as the flames of war burned out of control on the east bank of Yalu River, which separates the two countries with its narrowest section being less than 1,000 meters wide.


By then the People's Republic of China was barely one year old and the Chinese people were just out of the centuries-long turmoil marked with civil unrest and foreign invasion. As the U.S. troops massed at the Chinese border, the anti-American sentiment in China grew stronger by the day.


Such anti-US sentiment was especially apparent in the Chinese defence force. Numerous petitions were signed and handed in by the military officers and soldiers requesting to engage in direct combat with the US troops.


People in Shanghai congregated on the People's Square condemning the US aggression.


People in Chongqing held demonstration protesting American intervention in Korean affairs.


Even Chinese housewives were mobilised to discuss the impending war that China was facing.


On October 26, 1950, The General Association of Chinese Supporting Korea Resistance Against US Invasion (中国人民抗美援朝总会成立 ) established.


In Xiangtan county (湘潭), Hunan Province (湖南), where Chinese leader Mao Zedong was born and grew up, a 76-year old man saved his hard earned money from selling fresh water to residents in a bamboo tube then donated it to help arm the Volunteer Army.


In Qinghai Province, the Provincal chief and 10th Banchan (Panchen) Lama stood side by side to raise funds for the Volunteer Army.


In Tai County, Jiangsu Province, the students from Jiang'an Primary School (泰县姜堰学校) initiated a project to buy a warplane for the Volunteer Army with their pocket money.


The call was responded across the country and this was the warplane purchased with the pocket money donated by the kids, thus the air craft was named "Chinese Youth Pioneers" (中国少年先锋号).


People in East Germany donated goods which were sent to the Chinese Volunteer Army.


People in France marched in protest of the US invasion of North Korea.


Chinese college students were eager to join the army to defend China.


Chinese workers lined up to be enlisted in the defence force.


The villagers honoured the young men who became the members of the Chinese People's Volunteer Army.


The Factories pay tribute to the workers who went to the frontline.


The truck drivers were ready to be sent to Korea along with their vehicles.


So in the biting winter of 1950, off they went across the frozen Yalu River.

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