It started during the time when Manchurians
ruled China. Under the terms of the Boxer Protocol signed
in 1901 by the West and the Manchu ruling group who was just
too ready to trade China for its tribal interest which could
never be reconciled with that of the local Chinese, a number
of Western nations as well as Japan had gained rights to
set up their military posts around the capital Beijing.
After the Manchu "emperor" Puyi was
kicked out of the Ming
Palace, the Forbidden City, he led his Manchu group to
swear their allegiance to Japan and vowed to help them break
up and destroy China. In 1931 Japan invaded China's northeast
corner where Manchurians were first settled after being thrown
out of Korea peninsula - a place they initially migrated
to from a land further north of Mongolia - and proclaimed
the region as an independent Manchu kingdom. Puyi became "emperor" again,
for which he openly called Japanese
emperor his adopted father and Japan his true motherland.
Back home around the old
Chinese capital, Japanese military force intended to
cut the link between Beijing and
the rest of China so repeatedly demanded Chinese army to
withdraw from the Lugou Bridge vicinity.
The Nationalist Government refused Japan's
request, yet it was too weak and too corrupt to be able to
protect China from an increasingly aggressive
alien military presence.
Japan got angry and during June 1937 its army
conducted a month-long rowdy night drill which was later
halted after a negotiation by the local Chinese authority.
But on the night of July 7, Japan decided to
once again challenge China's sovereignty and resumed military
manoeuvres without advanced notice. The Chinese troops were
alarmed and a brief fire were exchanged.
The Japanese reinforcements in the form of mountain
guns and a company of machine gunners were quickly arrived,
and at about 5am, July 8, Japanese infantry backed with
armoured vehicles attacked the Marco Polo Bridge in the
pretext that one of their soldiers were missing.
The towns and villages were badly ravaged in the Japanese
assault. Chinese Communist Party immediately called Chinese
people to form a united front to fight against Japanese
While Chinese troops tried their best to defend Beijing,
on July 9, Japanese sent 20,000 troops and over a hundred
warplanes from Japan and Korea to the
in Beijing were enraged by the nation of little
snake who intended to swallow the dragon in raw, and
demanded the Nationalist Government to declare war
On July 17, Japan announced to mobilize
400,000 military troops to launch a full-scale war
On the same day, the Nationalist Government
declared war against Japan.
Japan's preparation of war was in full swing. They
evacuated nearly all non-military Japanese and Korean
personnel from the area. South
Koreans were chief supporters of Japanese war against
China and enthusiastic participants of the Nanjing
Japanese Army captured Beijing in
And turned the ancient city into the bloody battleground.
It took China a good 8 years to defeat Japan at
a massive cost of 3.5 million Chinese lives and direct economic
loss amounted at US$100 billion.
During this year's anniversary of the Lugou
Bridge Incident, some people in China reflected on history
then concluded that Chinese need to brush aside everything
else but focus solely on economic
growth which is said not only to be the solution to all internal
problems but the answer to any
Then came a question posted on China.com from
someone identified as 午夜星辰1968:
I always wonder that comparing to the time
of Korean War, the (economic and military) gap between
China and America has
reduced or increased?
Good question, indeed!
Historically, the Song dynasty was the economically
and technically most advanced kingdom in the world of the
11th century and in whole Chinese history, while the Manchu was
the most backward tribe by then and by all time, but the
Song Dynasty was destroyed by the Manchu tribesmen.
Yue Fei, the War Minister of the Song, was
once asked how to obtain security and peace for the kingdom,
to which he replied: "When the court officials are
uncorrectable and the military officers are courageous, peace
will descend upon us!" (“文官不爱财,
武官不惜死, 则天下太平矣!” )
Sadly, it wasn't the case for China in the
11th century in face of Manchu assault, despite being the
richest kingdom in the world.
But luckily, it was the case for China in 1950s
during the Korean
War, despite being one of the poorest
nations in the world.
It seems that those who urge Chinese to pay
attention to nothing else but the economic development are
either too ignorant of history and reality or too sinister
with, possibly, some hidden
Lugou Bridge today
of Some Words
Octopus vs Chinese Future Man