The May Thirtieth Movement (五卅运动) occurred
in 1925 during the Republic
of China under the Nationalist Party that is now a provincial
administration governing Taiwan.
By then the big chunk of urban Shanghai was colonised by
the aliens and ruled under Shanghai Municipal Council with
the members all from the West, including the UK,
the US, France and Germany.
The local Chinese were excluded from the Council board.
Such outrageous arrangement was forged between
the Western Powers and the Manchurians who,
as alien invaders from Siberia, regarding the locals being
their number one enemies and famously proclaimed that they’d
rather to see China to be occupied even destroyed by foreign
powers than to return it to Chinese people (宁赠友邦不与家奴).
But by then the Manchu’s Qing regime had been
overturned for 10 years and the legitimacy of such arrangements
was questioned, rightly, by the local Shanghainese from time
Since February 1925 the conflicts between Chinese
workforce and Japanese managements
in 22 Mill factories run by Japanese, reputed for their cruel
treatment of their workers, intensified. On May 15, Japanese
at No. 7 Mill shot dead protest leader Gu Zhenghong (顾正红)
and injured a dozen. The assault further angered Chinese,
and 20 million workers from 11 Japanese-run Mills held strikes,
protesting against foreign-run industries, particularly that
The newly established Chinese Communist Party
urged the Chinese people to support the workers. In response
to CCP's call, leftist students came to the streets to raise
donations for the victims and their families and to promote
the course of justice. But some students were detained by
the Municipal police for the reason that they had created
the disruption to normal everyday lives of the foreign residents.
On May 24, ten thousand people went to Gu Zhenghong's
funeral at Worker's Club in Western District of Shanghai,
which resulted another four arrest of the students when they
passed the International Settlement on their way home.
On May 30, the day the Municipal Council was
going to put the arrested Chinese on trail, leftist student
groups organized the biggest anti-imperial demonstration
the city had ever seen in history on Nanjing
Road and The New World. The march was confronted and
attacked by the Municipal police and over a hundred people
When the news about the foreign police crackdown
on Chinese protest spread, thousands Shanghai residents surrounded
the Old Gage Detention Centre (老闸门捕房)demanding the release
of the arrested. The British police
opened fire on the unarmed protesters, killing 13 with dozens
June 1, Shanghai Workers Union was established
and declared a general strike. 200,000 workers walked off
the job, and 50,000 students walked out of class. The strike
lasted for more than two months and bought the whole city
to stand still.
The anti-foreign occupation movement quickly
spread across China with 17 million Chinese workers, students
and merchants taking part in the strike. Before long the
wave of the protest reached the Chinese communities and beyond
in more than 100 countries and was responded widely. In Moscow,
500,000 Russians held a rally to show solidarity with Chinese
people in Shanghai; and in Briton, the workers refused to
load cargo for ships bound for China.
The May 30 Movement became a landmark event
in China's struggle for national sovereignty and workers'
rights which eventually led to the establishment of the People's
Republic of China that eliminated all foreign concessions
in China, including in Shanghai. Well ...
Hero to Zero