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Uighur Problems in Xinjiang (1)

18 September 2009
 
  • Uighur's Separatist Movement in Xinjiang

Uighur separatists not just clash with Han people, but have bloody confrontations with almost all other ethnic groups in Xinjiang. In the recent conflicts, we often hear a slogan promoted by the Uighur terrorists: Drive out Hui, Kill Han and Terminate Kazak.

Huis are also Muslims, but since Uighurs wish to take all the land for themselves, they want to drive their Muslim brothers away; Kazacs are the people settled in Xinjiang probably earlier than Uighurs, but since they are not Muslims, they must all be destroyed.

The terrorist attacks derived from such genocidal movement existed since the reform began about 30 years ago, usually occurred during the Chinese New Year festival period, by way of assassination, explosion or armed revolt. To my knowledge, since 1980 at least ten thousand Han people were killed by Uighur separatists, and I personally witnessed three such incidents.

The following is a broad profile of the Uighur terrorists:

The leaders of the movement are a small group of well-educated Uighurs living overseas.

The key members can be further categorised into two groups: one is responsible for actual terrorist attacks; and the another, many of them are criminal ringleaders and released prisoners, working on spreading rumours and instigating riots.

The majority of the followers of the movement are mainly from the "grey group" background with a strong anti-social mentality and willing to do anything for money.

Most of Uighur unrest in Xinjiang are masterminded by the leaderships residing overseas and the hostile international forces behind, led by key members in China and carried out by local "grey group" Uighurs. When the situation became heated and tense, the key members would promptly flee overseas, leaving the mobs to face the police.

Entering 21st century, the separatists also go online pushing for violent confrontation, which further complicated the issue.

  • Police and Law Enforcement in Xinjiang

To be fair, the police force in Xinjiang is among the top five in China. In the middle of the 90s, a group of Uighur separatists stormed a military depot, killed all the guards and stool 10,000 firearms, but within a little more than a week, all involved were captured and all firearms recovered. The efficiency of the police operation is just amazing, considering they were working in an environment where many areas are uninhabited or sparsely populated, and under a situation in which they had to maintain the integrity of the law while being mindful of the Western powers who are waiting for every opportunity to pour dirty water on China.

Excerpt of the post in original Chinese text:

  • 疆毒

  在新疆民族矛盾比较突出,但是绝对不仅仅是维族人和汉族人的矛盾,是维族人和很多在他们看来的“外来民族”的矛盾。在新疆的暴力冲突中常见的口号是“驱回杀汉灭哈萨”。通过这句口号就看的出他们的基本宗旨,回族和维族都是伊斯兰教徒,但是新疆是维族人的地盘,所以回族应该离开新疆。汉族人多势大,应该不断持续的以各种手段打击和威吓汉族,逼迫他们放弃新疆,哈萨克族不是伊斯兰教徒,但是基本算半个新疆的原住民,所以应该把他们全部杀掉,赶走回族,吓走汉族,杀光哈萨克族,新疆就是维族的天下了。

  事实上,从改革开放以来新疆维族人的分裂活动一直以来都存在。一般来说每年春节期间都会有,区别仅仅在于规模的大小而已。实现方式一般是通过暗杀军政人员和老百姓、爆炸军政机关、袭击和抢劫弹药库、最高程度的是集会武装暴动。我个人的判断从80年到2008年这20多年间,在疆毒份子的行动中死亡的汉族人起码有上万人。我在新疆见过的武装暴动大约三次左右,比较严重的恐怖袭击大约有十次左右,低烈度的恐怖袭击和暗杀行动基本每年都有。

基本上大部分的疆毒事件的成员构成都是一样的:

  核心人员为受过较高的文化教育或在职业宗教人员中的极端民族主义者,以追求xj独立为终极目标。这部分人通常文化程度高,煽动力强。这些人员大多数都定居在国外,在国内的很少。

  骨干人员为支持势力在阿富汗、印度和土耳其为疆毒份子培训出来的人员以及一些人在国内能力比较强的人。这部分人根据主要职责不同分两部分,一部分主要负责爆破、暗杀等高技术含量的恐怖活动。一部分为主要的宣传和舆论煽动人员。通常从非核心人员的疆毒分子中挑选,多数为刑满释放分子和灰色群体中比较彪悍的小头目。

  普通人员主要是灰色群体人员。我们说过灰色群体没有正常的经济来源,日常的犯罪活动受到政府的打击,自然是对政府不满。动乱对他们最大的好处是可以浑水摸鱼,同时还有一部分奖金,对于这些法律意识淡漠且凶悍的半黑社会人员来说参与这样的动乱自然是欢欣鼓舞。

  暴乱行动一般由核心人员与外部支持力量密谋后指定计划。骨干人员在境内串联、煽风、组织,时机符合后以恐怖事件为信号,普通人员在骨干人员的指挥下蜂拥而起一阵施暴。一旦开始后骨干人员就迅速撤离。这也是很难根除疆毒份子的原因之一。

  2000年以来,斗争形式发生了一个新的变化。一部分骨干分子开始通过互联网对维族学生进行煽动和宣传,使得斗争更加复杂化,难度更大。

  • 新疆的军警系统的战斗力

  其实新疆的军警系统的效率和战斗力我敢说在全中国绝对是前五名以内。90年代中期,新疆某军火库被一帮疆独分子袭击并突破,保卫军火库的战士全部牺牲,军火库里一万余条枪支被抢,当时所有人都认为麻烦大了,一万多条枪啊。那可是一个军的武装啊,真的要被他们武装好了,那不得打的血流成河啊。最后的结果,一个多星期的时间案子就破了,所有涉案人员全部抓捕,所有枪械全部找回,效率是很高的。从外部看显得效率不高的主要原因以客观因素居多。一个来说新疆是标准的地广人稀,两个城市之间随便就是几百上千公里,军警力量调动起来需要花的时间很多,同时对罪犯的抓捕就很困难。一是维族人的宗教习惯和信仰我们必须尊重,国际舆论的脏水时刻都在准备泼,还要兼顾到法律的准绳,很多问题处理起来难度很大,象在走钢丝绳。

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