Mr David Stannard is a Yale graduate with Master
Degrees in History, Philosophy, a Ph.D. in American Studies.
He taught at Yale University, Stanford University, the University
of Colorado, and the University of Hawaii, and received the
award of the Regents' Medal for Excellence in teaching.
In his reasearch paper American
Holocaust: The Conquest of the New World,
Stannard argues that the destruction of the aboriginal
peoples of the Americas, in a "string of genocide
campaigns" by Europeans and their
descendants, was the most massive act of genocide
in the history of the world.
The following is the excerpt of the reserach
paper and its Chinese translation:
The founding fathers on that rock shared common characteristics.
All four valued white supremacy and promoted the extirpation
of Indian society. The United States’ founding fathers were
staunchly anti-Indian advocates in that at one time or another,
all four provided for genocide against Indian peoples of
1779, George Washington instructed Major General John Sullivan
to attack Iroquois people. Washington stated, “lay waste
all the settlements around...that the country may not be
merely overrun, but destroyed“. In the course of the carnage
and annihilation of Indian people, Washington also instructed
his general not “listen to any overture of peace before the
total ruin of their settlements is effected“. (Stannard,
David E. AMERICAN HOLOCAUST. New York: Oxford University
Press, 1992. pp. 118-121.)
In 1783, Washington’s anti-Indian sentiments were apparent
in his comparisons of Indians with wolves: “Both being beast
of prey, tho’ they differ in shape“, he said. George Washington’s
policies of extermination were realized in his troops behaviors
following a defeat. Troops would skin the bodies of Iroquois
“from the hips downward to make boot tops or leggings “.
Indians who survived the attacks later re-named the nation’s
first president as “Town Destroyer“. Approximately 28 of
30 Seneca towns had been destroyed within a five year period.
[和大癞喇嘛有得一拼 - Amdin] 袭击后辛存的印第安人将美国第一总统称做“城镇摧毁者”。在不到5年的时间内30个印加定居点中28个被彻底捣毁了。
Thomas Jefferson （托马斯·杰弗逊）:
In 1807, Thomas Jefferson instructed his War Department
that, should any Indians resist against America stealing
Indian lands, the Indian resistance must be met with “the
hatchet“. Jefferson continued, “And ... if ever we are constrained
to lift the hatchet against any tribe, “ he wrote, “ we will
never lay it down till that tribe is exterminated, or is
driven beyond the Mississippi.“ Jefferson, the slave owner,
continued, “in war, they will kill some of us; we shall destroy
all of them“.
In 1812, Jefferson said that American was obliged to push
the backward Indians “with the beasts of the forests into
the Stony Mountains“. One year later Jefferson continued
anti-Indian statements by adding that America must “pursue
[the Indians] to extermination, or drive them to new seats
beyond our reach“.
Abraham Lincoln (亚布拉罕·林肯):
In 1862, President Abraham Lincoln ordered the execution,
by hanging, of 38 Dakota Sioux prisoners in Mankato, Minnesota.
Most of those executed were holy men or political leaders
of their camps. None of them were responsible for committing
the crimes they were accused of. Coined as the Largest Mass
execution in U.S. History. (Brown, Dee. BURY MY HEART AT
WOUNDED KNEE. New York: Holt, Rinehart, Winston, 1970. pp.
The fourth face you see on that “Stony Mountain“ is America’s
first twentieth century president, alleged American hero,
and Nobel peace prize recipient, Theodore Roosevelt. This
Indian fighter firmly grasped the notion of Manifest Destiny
saying that America’s extermination of the Indians and thefts
of their lands “was ultimately beneficial as it was inevitable“.
Roosevelt once said, “I don’t go so far as to think that
the only good Indians are dead Indians, but I believe nine
out of ten are, and I shouldn’t like to inquire too closely
into the case of the tenth“. (Stannard, Op.Cit.)
The apathy displayed by these founding fathers symbolize
the demoralization related to racial superiority.
Had these same words been enunciated by a German leader
in 1939, and directed at European Jews, they would be engraved
in modern memory. Since they were uttered by one of America’s
founding fathers, they conveniently have become lost to most
historians in their insistent celebration of Jefferson’s
wisdom and humanity.
Massacre in the U.S.
about American Indians