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When Dalai Lama Ruled:
Hell on Earth (2)

21 March 2009

[1] Hard Climate, Heartless Society

Bitter Poverty, Early Death

The traditional food of the masses is a mush made from tea, yak butter, and a barley flour called tsampa. One 1940 study of eastern Tibet says that 38 percent of households never got any tea--and drank only wild herbs or "white tea" (boiled water). Seventy-five percent of the households were forced at times to eat grass. Half of the people couldn't afford butter--the main source of protein available.


In old Tibet, nothing was known about basic hygiene. The lamas taught that disease and death were caused by sinful "impiety." They said that chanting, obedience, paying monks money and swallowing prayer scrolls was the only real protection from disease.

A third of the population had smallpox. A 1925 smallpox epidemic killed 7,000 in Lhasa. It is not known how many died in the countryside. Leprosy, tuberculosis, goiter, tetanus, blindness and ulcers were very common. Feudal sexual customs spread venereal disease, including in the monasteries. Before the revolution, about 90 percent of the population was infected - causing widespread sterility and death. Later, under the leadership of Mao Tsetung, the revolution was able to greatly reduce these illnesses--but it required intense class struggle against the lamas and their religious superstitions.



The lamaist system of government came into being through bloody struggles. The early lamas reportedly assassinated the last Tibetan king, Lang Darma, in the 10th century. Then they fought centuries of civil wars, complete with mutual massacres of whole monasteries. In the 20th century, the 13th Dalai Lama brought in British imperialist trainers to modernize his national army. He even offered some of his troops to help the British fight World War I.

These historical facts alone prove that lamaist doctrines of "compassion" and "nonviolence" are hypocrisy.



Daily violence in old Tibet was aimed at the masses of people. Each master punished "his" serfs, and organized armed gangs to enforce his rule. Squads of monks brutalized the people. They were called "Iron Bars" because of the big metal rods they carried to batter people.

It was a crime to "step out of your place" - like hunting fish or wild sheep that the lamaist declared were "sacred." It was even a crime for a serf to appeal his master's decisions to some other authority. When serfs ran away, the masters' gangs went to hunt them down. Each estate had its own dungeons and torture chambers. Pepper was forced under the eyelids. Spikes were forced under the fingernails. Serfs had their legs connected by short chains and were released to wander hobbled for the rest of their lives. Other brutal forms of punishment included the cutting off of hands at the wrists, using red-hot irons to gouge out eyes; hanging by the thumbs; and crippling the offender, sewing him into a bag, and throwing the bag in the river." After the revolution, a rosary was found in the Dalai Lama's palace made of 108 piece of human skins from 108 individuals. After liberation, serfs widely reported that the lamas engaged in ritual human sacrifice--including burying serf children alive in monastery ground-breaking ceremonies.


在喇嘛统治的世界里,不守喇嘛定下的规矩 - 比如在喇嘛宣布为圣湖或圣地的处所钓鱼或捕猎 - 属于犯罪行为;而农奴不服其主人的裁决并向其它权力机构申诉更被认为是大罪恶。每个农奴主都有私狱和刑具,对那些犯规农奴的惩罚包括将胡椒粉撒进眼皮下,将签子钉入指甲,为他们戴上永久性的短脚镣令他们一辈子不能随意走路,从手腕处将手砍下,用烧红的热铁将眼珠挖出,用绳系着大拇指将人吊起,挑断脚经,或把人缝进麻袋中再将麻袋扔到河里。西藏改革后,从达赖喇嘛住所里曾搜出了一串用108块不同人皮制成的念珠。昔日的农奴普遍举报喇嘛举行生祭活人的宗教仪式,包括在盖寺院时将农奴的小孩活埋于墙脚下。

Tibet's feudalist abbot-lamas taught that their top lama was a single divine god-king-being - whose rule and dog-eat-dog system was demanded by the natural workings of the universe. These myths and superstitions teach that there can be no social change. This is almost exactly what Europe's medieval Catholic church taught the people, in order to defend a similar feudal system.

Defenders of lamaism act like this religion was the essence of the culture (and even the existence) of the Tibetan people. This is not true. There was culture and ideology in Tibet before lamaism. Then this feudal culture and religion arose together with feudal exploitation. It was inevitable that lamaist culture would shatter together with those feudal relations.


喇嘛教的捍卫者们爱侈言喇嘛教是西藏文化的精髓,甚至是藏民生存的基础。这完全是屁话。喇嘛教进藏只有一千年的历史,难道在此之前西藏就没有自己的文化?难道西藏民族是在一千年前突然从石头里蹦出来的?毋庸置疑, 喇嘛教是西藏千年来残酷愚昧的农奴社会的基础,也不得不随着农奴社会的解体而消失。

Prev: Hell on Earth (1)
Next: The Annual Spring Excursion


The Tibetan Serf

Click on the image to watch the film online

The Serf is the first Chinese movie filmed in Tibet. Produced in 1960s and performed by all-Tibetan actors, it is a work inspired by a stage play created by former Tibetan serfs which recounted their sufferings under the Dalai Lama's rule. The scene that during the performance Tibetan people wept and sobbed on the stage and in audience touch Huang Zongjiang (黄宗江), a renowned play writer, which motivated him to write a story about Tibetan serfs.

During his research, Huang met a serf in a hospital who suffered stab wounds from his master. When nurses washed clean his feet and hands, the man cried, and said, "This is first time in my life I feel my hands and feet are truly mine." That stroke a chord deep within Huang's heart and helped him to shape the whole story.

Leading actor Wangdui (旺堆) has a similar life experience as the character he played in the film. Born a serf, he could not endue the inhuman treatment by his master, so escaped to monastery and became a lama. But the life at Lama monastery was equally brutal, so he fled again, eventually arrived in Shanghai and studied at a leading drama school. Later he became the director of Tibetan Drama Theatre.

A Folk Song in Old Tibet under Dalai Lama:

Wherever rays of the sun reach,
That is land belonging to the lord;

Wherever the water flows,
That is land belonging to the lord;

Wherever mountain shadows cast,
That is land belonging to the lord.

The serf does not own a piece of land The size of a sole,
What he takes away is nothing
But his own shadow.



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