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Storming "Heaven" (1)

12 March 2009

This research paper was published by Revolutionary Worker on February 22, 1998 at The following are the excerpts and Chinese translations:

By 1949, People's Liberation Army had defeated all the main reactionary armies in central China. But the big powers in the world were moving quickly to crush and "contain" this revolution. French troops invaded Vietnam, south of China's border. By 1950, a massive U.S. invasion force would land in Korea with plans to threaten China itself.


The western mountains and grasslands of China's border areas are inhabited by dozens of different national groupings, whose cultures are different from China's majority Han people. One of those regions, Tibet, had been locally ruled as an isolated, "water-tight" kingdom by a class of serf-owners, headed by the monk-abbots of large Lamaist monasteries. During the Chinese civil war, Tibet's ruling class conspired to set up a phony "independent" state that was really under the wing of British colonialism.


Maoist revolutionaries were determined to bring revolution to Tibet--to secure China's border regions against invasion and to liberate the millions of oppressed Tibetan serfs there. There was no doubt that Mao's hardened peasant-soldiers could defeat any army of Tibetan feudalists.


But the revolution faced a problem: The huge, sparsely populated region of Tibet had been completely isolated from the revolutionary war sweeping the rest of China. Mao Tsetung taught that a true revolution must rely on the masses--on the needs, wishes, and actions of the oppressed people themselves.


China's new revolutionary government offered Tibet's rulers a deal: Tibet would be reattached to the Chinese republic, but for the time being the regime of Tibetan serf-owners (called the Kashag) could continue to rule as a local government, operating under the leadership of the Central People's government. The Maoists would not abolish feudal practices, or challenge the Lamaist religion until the people themselves supported such changes. The People's Liberation Army would safeguard China's borders from imperialist intervention, and foreign agents would be expelled from Lhasa. About half of the Tibetan population lived in regions of Tsinghai and Chamdo that were not under the political rule of the Kashag. These regions were not covered by the proposal.


The Tibetan serf-owners signed this special "17-point agreement" and on October 26, 1951, the People's Liberation Army peacefully marched into Lhasa.


The most powerful serf-owning families started to plan an armed uprising. The Dalai Lama's brother traveled abroad to cement ties with the CIA, to get arms and request political recognition. Monasteries organized secret conferences and spread wild rumours among the masses: like saying Han revolutionaries fuelled their trucks with the blood of stolen Tibetan children. Long mule-trains of U.S. arms started winding their way from India to key Tibetan monasteries. The CIA set up combat training centers for its Tibetan agents, eventually based in the high altitude of Camp Hale, Colorado. CIA planes dropped weapons into Tibet's eastern Kham region.


[2] [3]

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Fifty Years to Yesterday:
A Vajra Hell on Earth Lost

Former Tibetan serfs yesterday celebrated the failure of CIA backed military uprising 50 years ago that attempted to return Tibet to the brutal slavery rule of Dalai Lama and his Lamacratic regime. 50 years on, ethnic Tibetan population has grown from 1.2 million in 1959 to 2.87 million today.

Which, however, is not what Dalai Lama and other exiled former slave-owners and their descendents can swallow. On the 50th anniversary of the end of their inhuman rule, they violently protested against the loss of their paradise.

But violently protest is all that they and American Congress that initiated violent riot 50 years ago and a year ago can come up with. For those individuals and groups and nations who determinately refuse to recognise other people's human rights equal to theirs, this is just a very last plunge, along with the dominance of their values and economy, then all shall be over.

A sign is obvious that the 14th Dalai Lama is dying, together with his dream of shame, maybe slowly, but surely.

That is a hopeful sign, definitely.


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