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America's Armageddonites
美国的末日福音

23 December 2009
 

The following are the main part of an article by Jon Basil Utley published on antiwar.com on October 11, 2007 and its Chinese translation:

Utopian fantasies have long transfixed the human race. Yet today a much rarer fantasy has become popular in the United States. Millions of Americans, the richest people in history, have a death wish. They are the new "Armageddonites," fundamentalist evangelicals who have moved from forecasting Armageddon to actually trying to bring it about.

These Armageddonites believe that they alone will get a quick, free pass when they are "raptured" to paradise, no good deeds necessary, not even a day of judgment.

乌托邦的幻想一直在困扰着人类。时至今日,一种新的乌托邦正在美国流行。成千上万的美国人 - 人类历史上最富足的一群人 - 充满着对死亡的奇异向往和不可遏制的渴望。他们是“阿美基毒逆特”,简称美基毒,是为基督教原教旨福音派信徒。这些人现在已不仅仅满足于预言末日而是正在用实际行动将他们对末日的幻想转变成现实,并相信惟有信奉末日福音才能搭上绕过末日审判直达天庭的特快专机。

These end-timers have great influence over the U.S. government's foreign policy. They are thick with the Republican leadership. At a recent conference in Washington, congressional leader Roy Blunt, for example, has said that their work is "part of God's plan." At the same meeting, where speakers promoted attacking Iran, former House Majority Leader Tom DeLay glorified "end times".

问题不在于美国有这么多狂热的基督教末日神棍,而在于这些神棍对美国对外政策有着不可估量的巨大影响力。他们充斥着共和党领导层,在2007年的国会会议上,共和党参议员领导戎怖狼就公开声明他们现在所做的一切是神的大战略的一部分。还是在那次会议上,当发言者争先恐后地叫嚣进攻伊朗时,多数党领袖图得泪将攻打伊朗和光荣的末日使命联系在一起。

American fundamentalists strongly supported the decision to invade Iraq in 2003. They consistently support Israel's hard-line policies. And they are beating the drums for war against Iran.

众所周知,美国的基督教原教旨分子是2003年侵略伊拉克战争的主要推动者和支持者之一。他们一贯鼓励以色列以强硬手段对付巴勒斯坦及阿拉伯世界。他们现在又在鼓噪进攻伊朗。

The evangelical movement originally was not so "end times" focused. Rather, it was concerned with the "moral" decline inside America. The Armageddon theory started with the writings of a Scottish preacher, John Nelson Darby (1800-1882). His ideas then spread to America with publication in 1917 of the Scofield Reference Bible, foretelling that the return of the Jews to Palestine would bring about the end times. The best-selling book of the 1970s, The Late, Great Planet Earth, further spread this message. The movement did not make a conscious effort to affect foreign policy until Jerry Falwell went to Jerusalem and the Left Behind books became best sellers.

福音派一开始并没有将他们的注意力聚焦在“末日”,而是关注于美国社会道德的普遍滑落与沉沦。该派教义最初形成于19世纪苏格兰传教士强大逼的一本讲义集《肆考夫圣经参考》,声称一旦犹太人重新回到巴勒斯坦,世界的末日便来临了。上世纪70年代,一本名为《明日之地球》的畅销书将末日理论传遍全球。而当劫复位游历了耶路撒冷并由此出了一本畅销书《落伍》,末日教义便正式开始有意识的影响美国的外交政策。

Conservative Christian writer Gary North estimates the number of Armageddonites at about 20 million. Many of them have an ecstatic belief in the cleansing power of apocalyptic violence. They are among the more than 30% of Americans who believe that the world is soon coming to an end.

据估计美国目前有两千万末日基督徒,他们中的许多人欢欣鼓舞于神将降灾难和暴乱于人类的恐怖前景。在美国,每三个人中就有一个相信世界末日很快就会到来。

The beliefs of the Armageddon Lobby, also known as Dispensationalists, come from the Book of Revelations, which Martin Luther relegated to an appendix when he translated the Bible because its image of Christ was so contrary to the rest of the Bible. The Armageddonites worship a vengeful, killer-torturer Christ.

末日福音派的基本信仰体系源于旧约。马丁路德在翻译旧约时曾提起旧约中的基督和新约中的完全不像是同一个人。而末日基督徒们膜拜的正是旧约中那位充满复仇欲望、一心想着虐杀的基督。

Based on this Biblical interpretation, the Armageddonites vehemently argue that America must protect Israel and encourage its settlements on the West Bank in order to help God fulfil His plans. The return of Jews to Palestine is central to the prophetic vision of the Armageddonites, who see it as a critical step toward the final battle, Armageddon, and the victory of the righteous over Satan's minions.

基于他们对圣经的解释,末日基督徒坚持美国必须保护以色列并鼓励犹太人在巴勒斯坦西岸殖民,认为这是促使末日大战早日到来的关键性一步。

Everyone else - Buddhists, Muslims (of course), Hindus, atheists, and so on - are then slated to die in the Tribulation that comes with Armageddon. As described in the best selling Left Behind series, this time of human misery ends with Christ then ruling a paradise on earth for a thousand years.

他们深信, 在即将到来的末日大战中,信奉佛教的、伊斯兰教的、印度教的、以及无神论者都将被基督徒杀死,地球将变成一个没有异教徒的由基督统治千年的人间天堂。

On other foreign policy issues, they are violently against the pending Law of the Seas Treaty, indeed any treaty which possibly circumscribes U.S. power to go it alone. They fear China's growth. They despise Europeans for not being more warlike.

在对外政策层面上,末日基督徒们强烈反对美国缔结《海洋法公约》以及其它一切将防碍美国在世界上独断专行的条约。他们害怕中国,因为中国在快速发展;他们鄙视欧洲,因为欧洲还不够暴力。

The next election will likely loosen their grip on the White House [Unfortunately, it is not true.]. However, their growing ties to the military industrial complex will remain [Blackwater is one telling example].

下一次的大选将削弱他们对白宫的控制[可惜作者看走眼了!小布什和奥巴马只有红黑脸之分,没有本质的区别。美国总统中确有仁义之士,美国基督徒中也有良善之辈,如吉米·卡特,但正其如此,他很快就下台了,并被许多美国人视为美国历史上最糟糕和无能的总统之一。],但末日基督徒们与美国军工业千丝万缕的联系只会愈加紧密[黑水公司便是一例]。

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