A set of weiqi (Go) made
in Hawaii as the present given by American President Barack
Obama to Chinese President Hu Jintao
Weiqi (围棋), meaning siege chess or game of
laying siege, was invented by Chinese and became a popular
mind exercise in China since 3000 years go. Later, Confucian (551
BC - 479 BC) referred it as part of classic
culture in an elegant ancient era. During the Tang Dynasty
in the 7th century, weiqi was spread to Korea and Japan,
in the recent centuries further introduced to the West through
Japan, and now widely known as Go.
Unlike all other forms of chess play, in which
each chess piece is placed on a rigid position in hierarchy
with a predetermined role to perform, weiqi gives all pieces
an equal footing to start in the game and opportunities to
rise to the occasion and above the rank, with an emphases
on team success rather than individual triumphant - all these
are the essence of Chinese civilisation.
The key to winning the game is to find a fine
balance between yin and yang: Solid defense and controlled
offense, temporary retreat and ultimate advance, tactical
execution and strategic approach.
According to Daodejing (道德经), before
a universe began, the Cosmos was a complete void in mass,
an absolute nothingness in form, yin and yang utterly
united into one. When wuchi (无极 pole-less) develops
into taichi (太极 supreme pole), Dao becomes apparent
and is ready to run the universe. Then taichi further
splits into yin- yang dual forces, with
the active part being yang and passive part being yin, and
the two parts balancing each other in motion ever since.
Despite being the source and supporter of the
universe, Dao is beyond form, cannot be seen; beyond sound,
cannot be heard; beyond tangibility, cannot be held. Thus
the Dao, though is present, can never be defined; though
small, is inclusive of the entire universe.
Yin and yang as the two sides
of one coin, complement one another, each being essential
for the functioning of the whole. When yin and yang unite,
the outcome is a perfect simplicity – exist without existence,
appear without appearance and act without actions. In the
ultimate reality as such, all things are Nothing, and Nothing
is All, and All is in complete accordance with Dao.
of Chinese Scripts