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Chinese Population Myth (2)

9 October 2009
 

One of the main criticisms on the situation of the first 30 years of RPC is that Mao Zedong failed to adopt a policy for birth control which resulted a steep growth of Chinese population.

But I would like to ask one question: Which dynasty in Chinese history ever implemented family plan policy, and why the population had never reached to 1 billion?

Another condemnation of the first 30 years is of alleged widespread malnutrition and poverty. If this is the case, the population growth should be negative, and there would never be a need for the measures to curb Chinese population explosion in the next 30 years.

The truth is, during the first 30 years, China not only had the substantial increase in food production to meet the demand for population growth, at the same time established the foundation of modern Chinese industry. The achievement as such is quite phenomenon.

What is even more amazing is that while successfully having coped with the massive population growth, history also witnessed the unprecedented improvement of population quality through education, especially in vast rural areas, by way of building village schools and sending young graduates to the countryside.

Excerpt of the original article in Chinese:

现在就再来看看批评前三十的那两种说法的荒谬之处。

一种说法就是批评毛泽东时代不搞计划生育,结果导致人口大量增加。在新中国成立之前,中国什么朝代什么时期实行过任何形式的计划生育政策呢?答案是从来没有。也就是说,是否实行计划生育政策不是导致人口大量增加的直接原因。

第二种说法也非常可笑,如果毛泽东时代的人们总是长期饥肠辘辘营养匮乏的话,合作医疗也是一塌糊涂的摆设的话,那人口数量是绝对无法那样增长的。

里极令人惊叹的就是,毛泽东时代能够做到在保障粮食产量总体上持续增长的同时,不仅要满足不断增长的人口的需要,还要满足工业化快速增长的需要,这简直就是人间奇迹呀。

更伟大的还在于,前三十年人口不仅仅只是数量的简单增长,更重要的还在于人口质量的普遍提高,其中重要的措施就是普及基础教育,一方面就是城市创造各种学习机会提高市民素质,另一方面就是农村依托集体经济大办各类学校,还有广大下乡知青的支援,中国的人口主要在农村,在农村普及基础教育,才意味着中国大多数人能够提高文化素质,整体提高国民素质。

抓住了人口这个基本的硬指标,评价毛泽东时代时才能建立科学的历史起点。

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